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In the classic 1940 film “The Bank Dick,” W.C. Fields‘ character Egbert Souse (“accent grave over the “e,” he constantly instructs) urges his prospective son-in-law, Og Oggilby, to embezzle $500 from the bank where he works to invest in shares of a “beefsteak mine.”

When Egbert encounters resistance from Og, he exhorts Og, saying: “Don’t be a luddy duddy. Don’t be a moon calf. Don’t be a jabbernowl. You’re not those, are you?”

The gauntlet thrown, Og relents and “borrows” the money from his employer — which leads to all manner of consternation and difficulty until all turns out well in the end.

mcculloch

McCulloch

That scene came to mind this week after I heard that St. Louis County prosecutor Robert McCulloch had challenged Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon to “man up” and make a decision about whether to ask McCulloch to recuse himself in the Michael Brown case. Some have suggested that because of personal and family considerations, McCulloch might favor law enforcement’s side.

Nixon drew McCulloch’s wrath because Nixon, while not requiring that McCulloch step aside (which the governor has the power to do), said he would not object if McCulloch chose to do so.

Here’s the full context of McCulloch’s use of the “man up” phrase, which he wheeled out in a radio interview that later aired on CNN:

“Stand up, man up — stand up and say, ‘I have this authority — I am not removing McCulloch,’ [or] ‘I am removing McCulloch,’ and move on with this.”

But McCulloch didn’t stop there; he proceeded to say that Nixon’s comments about recusal were “typical Nixon doublespeak” and “a distraction,” which hampered the process from moving forward.

Now, I’ve always thought Nixon is a bit of a wuss, but I would not have imagined that a lower-level elected official, like McCulloch, would have the gall to tell Nixon to “man up” and then accuse him of  “typical doublespeak.”

It seems to me that that’s like the bad boy at school telling the principal, “Go ahead and kick me out of school; I dare you.”

To me, not only is McCulloch an idiot for openly challenging the governor, but he’s an idiot because he resorted to the lame, hackneyed “man-up” phrase.

manlyThe main problem with the phrase — other than the fact that it just sounds ridiculous — is that it can only be directed at a man. It is strictly a challenge to masculinity — “Do you have the balls to….? — rather than a call to dial up one’s courage, regardless of gender.

Much more appropriate, not to mention interchangeable, are terms like, “Be decisive!” or “Show some guts!”

I found at least two high-profile instances when women leveled the term against men.

In the 2010 Nevada senatorial race, Republican candidate Sharron Angle told Sen. Harry Reid to “Man up!” during a debate. (I guess he did well enough because he beat her by six percentage points.)

More recently, Senate Intelligence Committee Chairwoman Dianne Feinstein called on Russian President Vladimir Putin to “man up” and acknowledge his government’s complicity in the downing of Malaysia Airlines Flight 17…Needless to say, Vlad has not.

In researching the hated phrase, I stumbled upon a blog called “The Art of Masculinity,” which addressed the phrase at length in 2013.

Brett McKay, founder and primary writer of the blog, said the problem with women telling men to “man up” is that “there isn’t really an equally shame-inducing phrase that men can level at women that implies the same thing but won’t get the man criticized for being sexist or patronizing.”

McKay went on to say:

“I’ve heard the phrase, ‘put on your big girl panties,’ said by other women, but if that were to come from a man, it would not likely be received very well!”

McKay rightly concluded that the term “man up” has become such a cliche that it is meaningless.

**

So…coming full circle, if I were Nixon, I would call McCulloch and say: “I have decided to man up…You are OUT!”

Twenty-eight-year-old Ferguson police officer Darren Wilson probably realizes by now that the charges against him will go far beyond manslaughter (probably) and or violating Michael Brown’s civil rights.

In the court of public opinion, particularly the opinion of people who are members of racial minorities, Wilson has become the poster boy for police abuse of unarmed poor people past and present.

Among other violations, Wilson can expect to pay the price for:

** U.S. Attorney General Eric Holder being stopped by Washington D.C. police while running to a movie theater in the affluent D.C. suburb of Georgetown when Holder was a young federal prosecutor.

**  The death in 2011 of 31-year-old Ferguson resident Jason Moore, a mentally ill person whom a Ferguson officer literally Tasered to death after causing a disturbance and then refusing to obey the officer’s order to stay on the ground. (In his police report, the officer repeatedly referred to Moore as “Jason,” because he was known to the department as a troubled and sick person.)

** A 2009 Ferguson case in which a man said that four police officers beat him and then charged him with damaging government property — by getting blood on their uniforms.

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Eric Garner, being taken down by New York City police

** The death in New York last month of 43-year-old Eric Garner, who died after a police officer put him in a long-prohibited “chokehold.” Garner had been stopped on suspicion of selling untaxed cigarettes on the street. A Staten Island grand jury will consider the Garner case.

** A Kansas City police officer’s recent Facebook posting of a photograph of a young man, purportedly Michael Brown, with a wad of money in his mouth and a gun in his hand.  “I’m sure young Michael Brown is innocent and just misunderstood. I’m sure he is a pillar of the Ferguson community,” Officer Marc Catron sarcastically commented in the post with the photograph. Turns out, however, the photo was not that of Brown but of a murder suspect in Oregon.

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Louima

** The broken-broomstick sodomizing in 1997 of Haitian immigrant Abner Louima, who suffered massive internal injuries at the hands of one or more New York City police officers after he was arrested for being involved in a nightclub scuffle in which Officer Justin A. Volpe got punched.  Volpe took the lead in the nightmarish sodomizing, and it turned out Louima wasn’t even the guy who punched him. Volpe is serving a 30-year prison term, and another officer served five years for perjury, but three others got off without convictions.

Yes, Darren Wilson, through fault of his own, now finds himself carrying the cross of police abuse across the nation. This is one of those moments where an accumulation of individual moments, over a long period, culminates in a seminal moment.

Regardless of whether Michael Brown “bullrushed” Officer Wilson, when Wilson has his day in court he will come carrying a load that goes far beyond whatever happened at (and after) 12:01 p.m. on Aug. 9 in Ferguson, MO.

This promises to be a turning point in law enforcement practices and attitudes, and we can only hope that the seismic shift is felt from the largest urban areas to the most podunk of American towns.

“Community policing” should never be the same.

In many ways, Ferguson has become a story of personalities and leadership — a story of which law enforcement officer or which politician can do the most to help restore calm and ensure the safety of area residents and businesses.

Let’s take a look at the three main players:

**

Capt. Ronald S. Johnson 

Well that feel-good story has started to fade badly, hasn’t it?

At my church yesterday morning, our minister talked about how the black Highway Patrol officer’s peaceful approach had calmed the waters in Ferguson. But, God bless her, our minister was several hours behind the news. (Kind of reminded me of the old days in the newspaper business when we’d write what was going on at 11 p.m. and by the time the paper hit the lawns the story would have turned 180 degrees.)

johnsonOvernight Saturday, of course, authorities had to resort to tear gas and other harsh measures to try to keep the lid on during the midnight to 5 a.m. curfew.

Same thing last night. And by then even Capt. Johnson had found it necessary to change go from hand holding to hand slapping — figuratively, anyway.

He blamed the deteriorating situation on “premeditated criminal acts” that were intended to provoke the police. A story in today’s New York Times (online) quoted him as saying:

“We had to act to protect lives and property…Based on these conditions, I had no alternative but to elevate the level of our response.”

I’m glad he displayed flexibility and openness to alternative approaches to peace-making; he is, after all, a law enforcement officer.

**

Gov. Jay Nixon

After being MIA the first few days, our governor summoned up his courage and his voice, and he’s doing what needs to be done. After Johnson and the Highway Patrol couldn’t produce the desired result, Nixon imposed a midnight to 5 a.m. the curfew. Very smart; you can’t have looters and opportunistic hell raisers ruling the night and ruining businesses.

Nixon went on four national TV shows Sunday, and from what I’ve heard and read, he acquitted himself well.

nixonThen, early today, Nixon took the significant step of calling in the National Guard. When you’ve got serious, widespread trouble, it’s the National Guard that you really want on the scene.

In a statement, he said the Guard would help “in restoring peace and order.” In his statement, Nixon went on to say:

“These  violent acts are a disservice to the family of Michael Brown and his memory and to the people of this community who yearn for justice to be served and to feel safe in their own homes.”

Well stated, governor, well stated.

**

Attorney General Chris Koster

I could hardly believe — but then I realized it was totally predictable — that Koster had elbowed his way into the limelight.

Seeing that Nixon had awakened from his long nap, Koster ran over to Ferguson and convinced the pastor at the Greater St. Mark Family Church in Ferguson to let him sermonize yesterday.

koster1What a doozy of a sermon he gave. He told the audience that he had come to pray and grieve (get out the tissues), and he went on to say:

“You have lost a member of your community at the hands of a member of my community. Not just the Caucasian community, but the law enforcement community. And that is painful to every good-hearted person in this city.”

It went from bad to worse:

“This week is a 50-year flood of anger that has broken loose in this city, the likes of which we have not seen since Dr. King was killed. And I am sorry that I have not done more from the law enforcement community to break down that wall of anger, that wall of armor.”

Are you gagging yet?

What a phony! What a panderer! He got what he wanted, though — prominent play in a front-page New York Times story. Maybe more.

Koster, you’ll recall, was the Republican Cass County prosecutor who, several years ago, switched from being a Republican to a Democrat. He pines for higher office — the governor’s office, specifically — and will do whatever is expedient to promote his own cause.

Recently, for example, he gave full-throated support to Missouri Amendment 1 — the ridiculous “right-to-farm” proposition that will change nothing for small farmers and will pave the way for the factory farms operators, like Tyson and Monsanto, to operate however they like with impunity. The amendment passed by a margin of 2,500 votes out of a million case.

I hope Missouri voters send Koster back to Cass County, where he can take up work on a family farm. I intend to work against the guy, whatever he runs for.

It is troubling, to say the least, to learn that 18-year-old Michael Brown committed a strong-arm robbery at a convenience story several minutes before a police officer with six years of experience shot and killed him in the street.

Equally as troubling, to me, is the fact that Brown’s accomplice in the robbery was 22-year-old Dorian Johnson, who may have been the only eyewitness to the entire altercation between 28-year-old Officer Darren Wilson and Brown and Johnson.

Johnson’s participation in the robbery — where no weapon was used but where Brown towered menacingly over a store clerk and shoved him before walking out — casts great doubt on Johnson’s story that Brown was an innocent victim in the shooting.

Johnson went on national TV with a shirt and tie and with former St. Louis Mayor Freeman Bosley Jr. sitting beside him and he told his story, all the while knowing he had participated in a robbery minutes before the fateful event.

That’s not good. Not good at all. To retain any credibility, Johnson should have gotten a good, experienced trial lawyer — instead of a celebrity lawyer — and told him or her the whole story and then kept his mouth shut until trial…if there was one.

That’s not to say that Johnson’s participation in the robbery would be admitted into testimony at trial  (I’ll get to that), but the mere public knowledge of his participation demeans him as a prospective witness and could well color investigators’ determination of whether to file charges against Officer Wilson.

It is extremely important — critical, even – that Officer Wilson did not know about the robbery at the time he ordered Brown and J0hnson to get out of a street they were walking in and to go to the sidewalk.

If Johnson’s account is true, Officer Wilson’s first words to them were, “Get the fuck to the sidewalk.” Again, if that is true, those words set the tone for whatever ensued.

If Officer Wilson did not say that, however, and it turns out that Johnson is lying about that and more, it could greatly reduce the chances that Officer Wilson will face criminal charges, or that he would be convicted if he was charged.

assault

This frame from video of the convenience-story robbery exploded the myth of Michael Brown (left) as a “gentle giant,” the term an uncle used a couple of days ago.

That’s because almost everyone in the U.S. now knows, or soon will know, that Brown and Johnson had participated in a robbery minutes before the fatal confrontation. I would not expect that to be admitted into evidence because it seems almost certain that the robbery and the police confrontation were isolated incidents.

(You could argue, I suppose, that Brown, fresh off the confrontation with the convenience store owner, was already in a bellicose mood and primed for more confrontation, but again it would be legally moot, in theory. It is worth noting, too, that Brown stood 6-4 and weighed 292 pounds.)

In any event, I would expect most of the jurors to know, from news accounts, what preceded the street confrontation, and that knowledge would likely affect their perception of the case.

The St. Louis County Police Department and the F.B.I. are conducting parallel investigations. The police will determine if Wilson should face state charges, and the F.B.I. will determine whether to charge Officer Wilson with violating Brown’s civil rights. In either case, if charges are filed, they would likely be felonies. A misdemeanor charge would be just as incendiary, in my view, as no charges at all.

**

In my first post on the police confrontation, on Tuesday, I predicted that the officer (today identified as Wilson) would not only would be charged with manslaughter but would be convicted and sentenced to 10 years in prison.

That post triggered 44 comments from a dozen or more people, expressing various views of the situation.

In light of the information that has emerged today, the comment that now stands out as the wisest and most pertinent came from my friend Gus Buttice, a longtime bailiff for a St. Louis City Circuit Court judge. As I noted in the comments, Gus has seen a lot of cases involving a lot of surprising developments.

Here are the key excerpts (with a little bit of grammatical upgrading) from Gus’s comment:

“Let’s not jump to any conclusion. No one, and I do mean no one, knows what happened out there. Everything is being played very close to the vest for obvious reasons…Let the system work its best. We’ve (seen) this over and over again and we have not learned yet: A jury is a final judge, not street rhetoric or mob actions.”

Gus was absolutely right. Many of us, including me for sure, have not learned yet.

**

You might be curious about the term “strong-arm robbery.”

Today, St. Louis TV station KSDK quoted St. Louis County Prosecutor Bob McCulloch on the definition:

“The use of physical force in a robbery. If someone is stealing, and another person makes an attempt to stop them, and then physical force is used to complete the act that is strong-arm robbery.

“It’s also called ‘robbery in the 2nd degree, and there is no weapon other than physical force used.

“If a weapon is used in a robbery, then the charge would be ‘robbery in the 1st degree.”

It’s pleasantly amazing, isn’t it, to see an intense, dangerous situation defused when common sense and de-escalation are brought to bear?

Overnight, literally, the situation in Ferguson, MO, went from clouds of tear gas and street clashes between police officers and protesters to the new security chief walking with protesters and holding the hand of at least one resident while listening to her express her thoughts.

And who can we thank for this turnaround?

Mainly President Barack Obama, Missouri Gov. Jay Nixon and U.S. Sen. Claire McCaskill.

All three took key steps and made key statements Thursday that had the ultimate effect of letting the air out of the balloon that had been getting increasingly taut ever since 18-year-old Michael Brown was gunned down by a Ferguson police officer last week.

Wednesday’s key developments:

:: Obama decried attacks on the police and on protesters and asked for “peace and calm on the streets of Ferguson.” The New York Times said he had spoken to Nixon “and confirmed that he (Obama) had instructed the Justice Department and the F.B.I. to investigate the fatal shooting ‘to help determine exactly what happened and to see that justice is done.’ “

:: Saying it was time for “a different tone,” Nixon pulled out the St. Louis County police and called in the Highway Patrol. Brilliantly, someone, maybe Nixon, placed in charge of security a black patrol captain who grew up in the St. Louis area. “We’re starting a new partnership today,” Capt. Ronald S. Johnson said. “We’re going to move forward today, to put yesterday and the day before behind us.”

:: McCaskill told reporters: “The militarization of the response became more of a problem than any solution.”

Again, isn’t it gratifying to see people in authority speak and act wisely and turn near hysteria into reflection and reconsideration?

johnson2

Capt. Johnson walking with protesters in Ferguson

One of the first things Captain Johnson did was tell troops not to carry tear-gas masks. “In the early evening,” the Times story said, “he accompanied several groups of protesters through the streets, clasping hands, listening to stories…”

At one point, a woman named Karen Wood approached him and said, “Do you have a minute to at least talk to, you know, a parent?”

“As sweat stained his blue uniform,” the story said, “he clasped Ms. Wood’s right hand and stood, for several minutes, listening to her story.”

“Our youth are out here without guidance, without leadership,” Ms. Wood said. “It’s important that they know there is an order.”

The Times’ story said the conversation between the trooper and the lady concluded with Johnson patting Wood on the shoulder and saying softly, “I thank you. I thank you for your passion, and we’re going to get better.”

I don’t know about you, but the report of that interaction almost brought tears to my eyes.

What a message Johnson brought to Ferguson: I hear you and I feel your pain.

And this is one guy, who, it’s very clear, really does feel their pain.

Bravo, Mr. President. Congratulations, Gov. Nixon. And thank you, thank you, Captain Johnson.

Regardless of what happened in Ferguson last week just before a police officer shot and killed 18-year-old Michael Brown, one thing is certain: The officer had absolutely no business shooting the young man.

This has all the looks of a case where the officer was young, hot-headed and racist.

Although the officer hasn’t been identified, we know from the St. Louis County police chief that he had been on the force six years. I think it’s reasonable to assume that this was an officer who had either started with the Ferguson Police Department or, perhaps, had started at an even smaller department and then caught on with the 53-person Ferguson force.

By the way, 50 of those 53 officers are white, and that it a town where more than two-thirds of the city’s 21,000 residents are black.

As for his temperament, the officer apparently demonstrated his lack of restraint immediately upon encountering Brown and his friend Dorin Johnson, 22, as they walked in the street.

“Get the fuck on the sidewalk,” were the officer’s first words, according to Johnson.

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Brown

Clearly, the officer was pissed off either before he came upon Brown and Johnson or as soon as he saw them committing the audacious act of walking in the street.

It shouldn’t come as a surprise to us, then, that a few moments later — after a few words might have been exchanged, after minimal contact was made or after the two “perps” simply failed to move to the sidewalk — that the officer fired several shots at the unarmed Brown (who might even have had his hands raised as if surrendering) and killed him.

For some people, the key point is going to be whether Brown attempted to grab the officer’s gun while the officer was in the car.

A couple of points need to be made regarding that possible scenario.

First, unless the officer had already drawn his gun, it seems not only unlikely but also nearly impossible for Brown to have reached into the car and attempted to wrestle the officer’s gun from him. If the officer was in the car, you have to presume he was sitting down, which could easily have put the gun out of Brown’s reach, considering that he was outside the car.

So, the officer probably had already drawn the gun. And that makes sense because he had already demonstrated an overreaction to the situation when he camp upon the two.

For the sake of argument, let’s say that before the officer started shooting, Brown did, in fact, attempt to get the gun.

The fact is, he didn’t get it. The officer almost certainly was in control of the situation — certainly the weapon — at all times.

We know that the officer fired several shots, as many as eight or 10. The first was fired inside the police car and the last was fired about 35 feet from the vehicle.

To me, that is extremely strong circumstantial evidence that the officer started shooting very soon and continued shooting while pursuing Brown. If he wasn’t a hot head and he wasn’t a racist, why in the world would he have started shooting? Again, Brown was unarmed — no gun, no knife, no slingshot, not even a rock to throw.

That officer must have felt gratified for a few seconds: In his mind, he had just shown a disrespectful punk who was boss. Yeah, he sure had…

I wonder how long it took for reality to set in…That would be this kind of thought:

“Holy shit, I just shot an unarmed kid who was posing no real threat to me…How the hell am I going to explain this to the chief?”

He had no idea that within a few days, the entire nation would be demanding an explanation.

I’ll make this prediction: The officer will be charged with voluntary manslaughter and will be sentenced to at least 10 years in prison.

This isn’t going to be an O.J. Simpson case; the real perp is going down. Clashing accounts of whether Michael Brown reached for the gun, or even had his hand on it, will not save this hot-headed, racist officer.

OK, so I was off by a point or two.

Missouri Amendment 7 — the proposed three-quarter-cent sales tax increase for transportation — lost Tuesday by a 59 to 41 percent vote margin.

The final, unofficial count was 590,963 to 407,532.

I predicted a 60-40 defeat.

What went wrong?

The problem was Kansas City. Here, in our own beloved town, “yes” voters prevailed by a count of 18,926 to 18,715 – slightly more than 200 votes.

Maybe it was because publicity about the expanded streetcar proposal (which also failed badly) overshadowed Amendment 7. Maybe it was because The Kansas City Star foolishly endorsed Amendment 7 because a majority of the editorial board was so keen on the streetcar expansion. Maybe it was because Freedom Inc. foolishly endorsed it because the Heavy Constructors Association of Greater Kansas City — part of the “concrete cartel” — leaned heavily on Freedom officials and gave them a lot of “walkin’ around money.”

Maybe Kansas City voters aren’t as smart as I thought they were.

P1040008

Whoosh! And down it went.

To give you a contrast, voters in St. Louis County and St. Louis City defeated Amendment 7 by a margins of 68-32 percent and 66-33 percent respectively, and in Jackson County outside Kansas City the margin was 59 to 41 percent, mirroring the overall state ratio.

Despite the Kansas City result, I am thrilled about the outcome. Thanks very much to all of you who rallied to the cause of Missourians for Better Transportation Solutions, the St. Louis-based campaign committee that led the charge. Your response — gobbling up yard signs, buttonholing your relatives and friends and, in some cases, contributing money — had a big impact. 

We were outspent about $4 million to $30,000, and yet we carved the concrete cartel — the road builders, materials suppliers and engineering companies — into little chunklets.

If they really want more money for statewide transportation projects, it’s time for them to come to the negotiating table and talk about a modest increase in the state’s gas tax, which, at 17 cents a gallon, is sixth lowest in the country.

A nine-cent gas-tax increase would raise about $300 million a year, or $3 billion over 10 years. That’s a lot of money. That’s a lot of projects. That’s a lot of jobs.

Wake up, concrete cartel members, the gig is up; a sales-tax increase is not going to happen.

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